The days of New York cabbies with strong New York accents are gone. These days, Mohammed is New York’s most common cabbie name, and up to half of all New York cabbies come from South Asia.
Reflective of their surging population over the last two decades, Bangladeshis have the highest percentage of taxi drivers in the city. The foreign-born Bangladeshi population in Metro New York nearly doubled in thirteen years, from 49,689 in A.D. 2000 (Census) to 92,335 in A.D. 2013 (American Community Survey). Including American-born Bangladeshis and factoring in community estimates, I estimate the Bangladeshi population to number 150,000 in Metro New York (2nd only to the African-American Muslim population). The map below shows where they are concentrated in New York City (map source: peoplegroups.info).
The third largest Muslim population in Metro New York are Pakistanis. While also increasing in number in the 13-year period from 2000 to 2013, Pakistanis increased only 23 percent compared to the 86 percent rate for Bangladeshis. The 2013 American Community Survey estimate for foreign-born Pakistanis in Metro New York is 78,316 people. In Pew surveys of Muslims in the U.S., Pakistanis always make up the largest foreign-born Muslim population. However, those survey results have been skewed due to phone interviews being offered in Urdu (the common language in Pakistan) and not in Bengali (the common language in Bangladesh). Considering the American-born Pakistani number not included in census info, as well as estimates from community leaders, I estimate the Pakistani population in Metro New York to number 125,000. The map below shows their main locations, which are in areas of Brooklyn, Queens, and Long Island (map source: peoplegroups.info).
Although India is known for being a Hindu country, India is actually home to the 2nd largest Muslim population in the world. In the U.S., around 10% of the Asian Indian population is Muslim. With around 600,000 people in Metro New York claiming Asian Indian as their racial category with the U.S. Census, a 10% Muslim population places the Asian Indian Muslim population at around 60,000 in Metro New York. Indians are spread throughout the Metro New York area, with Queens, Manhattan, Long Island, Jersey City, and Edison, NJ all having large concentrations (map source: peoplegroups.info).
Director of Mission Advance, Co-Founder, Global Gates
Author, ethNYcity: the Nations, Tongues and Faiths of Metropolitan New York
Read Full Blog Series
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 1) – One Million
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 2) – Specific Muslim Group Estimates
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 3) – Muslim Minority Muslims
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 4) – South Asian
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 5) – Arabs
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 6) – Arabs (cont.)
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 7) – European
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 8) – Central Asia & Persians
Muslims in Metro New York (Part 9) – Bookends of the Muslim World